Environmental design

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Environmental design refers to the process of addressing environmental parameters in planning programs, policies or concepts. It is part of the "10 principles of crime prevention" following a U.K. initiative.

Security related aspects and benefits

  • Environmental design can impact social/criminal/terrorist behaviour in a positive or negative way.
  • Environmental design can mitigate, lessen or even prohibit criminal or terrorist acts.
  • Environmental design can reduce crime and terrorist risks and consequences.
  • Environmental design can decrease vulnerability and increase resilience.
  • Specific environmental design of built infrastructure can limit the damage of terrorist attacks.

Approaches how to address it

  • Get familiar with environmental design planning principles;
  • Get familiar with general design aspects and structural/material aspects;
  • Consider designing out principles; [1]
  • Get familiar with initiatives facilitating environmental design; [2]
  • Integrate considerations on response and emergency measures in the planning process;
  • Integrate citizens through communication and participation methods.

Environmental design principles addressing counter-terrorism

Structural planning principles, according to CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design),are:

  • Access control;
  • Stand off distances, to keep people and bomber vehicles away from targets;
  • Laminated glass;
  • Framed structures;
  • Bombshelter areas etc.

Related subjects

Footnotes and references

  1. See e.g. HM Government. Retrieved from: http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/counter-terrorism/crowded-places/design-tech-issues?view=Binary [last access: 2012-05-23].
  2. See e.g. International CPTED Association. Retrieved from: http://www.cpted.net/ [last access: 2012-10-04].