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Measures are provisions made or actions taken to protect an object or subject from risk.

Measure types

Measures can be classified by their point of application in the process of a criminal act. From the perspective of a criminal, all measures reduce the perceived attractiveness of a target. Identified points of application are:

  • Increasing perceived effort
  • Increasing perceived risk
  • Decreasing anticipated reward
  • Controlling contributing circumstances
  • Other

All measure types can be classified in one of these categories. The table below displays for each of the measure types in Securipedia, which point of application it works on.

By clicking the "?" a brief description of the measure is provided.

Increasing perceived effort Increasing perceived risk Decreasing anticipated reward Contributing circumstances Other
Target hardening{{#info:Target hardening is the measure of strengthening the security by increasing the required effort to commit crimes to or at an object}} Surveillance{{#info:Surveillance is the measure of monitoring the behaviour, activities, or other changing information, usually of people for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting.}} Target removal{{#info:Target removal is the reduction of risk by removing the perceived attracting aspects from an attractive object}} Controlling disinhibitors{{#info:Controlling disinhibitors is the reduction of risk by removing or regulating disinhibiting substances or circumstances}} Deflection{{#info:Deflecting crime is the reduction of risk by creating circumstances that direct criminals to less critical objects}}
Access control{{#info:Access control is the reduction of risk by regulating and controlling the flows of traffic into and out of an area or object}} Intervention force{{#info:A intervention force is the measure of having adequate resources (first responders) to react to emergencies in order to minimize impact and restore a normal situation as soon as possible.}} Removal of crime motivator{{#info:Removal of a crime motivator is the reduction of risk by removing the benefits of a crime}} Facilitating compliance{{#info:Facilitating compliance is the measure of reducing risk by decreasing crime by making it easier for the public to behave according to the local rules.}} Creating awareness / stimulating conscience{{#info:Creating awareness is the measure of increasing the mental reserves of people to committing crimes}}
Directing traffic flows{{#info:Directing traffic flows is the measure of reducing the opportunities for a criminal to approach a suitable target by physically separating the flows of traffic}} Screening{{#info:Screening is the measure of reducing risk by identifying all traffic entering and/or exiting a certain area or object}} Rule setting{{#info:Rule-setting is the measure of erecting legal or regulatory restrictions of a temporal and/or local nature in order to reduce risk}}
Removing means{{#info:Removing means is the reduction of risk by ensuring the tools or other means conductive to crime are not available}} Increase punishment{{#info:Increasing punishment is the reduction of risk by the increase of the negative consequences of crime when caught}} Ownership{{#info:Ownership is the reduction of crime by establishing an environment where there is a clear separation between public and private space}}
Maintenance{{#info:Maintenance is the measure of discouraging crime by designing places with management and maintenance in mind}}