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The legal framework provides compulsory acts (both primary and secondary legislation) for safety in urban planning, but it lacks (compulsory) guidelines for security. Those guidelines would, among other things, have to identify limitations for taking security measures, for example due to preceding norms of individual liberty.


Urban planners are confronted with the need to know and heed the quite broad variety of legal frameworks and planning codes that immediately control their day-to-day activities.

Generic legal aspects are well known to urban planners since they form part of their daily work. The challenge in addressing security-related legal aspects is that the relevant legal framework is marked by the often difficult to assess, and address, need to integrate urbanist law with other codes and approaches. Different legal contexts have to be born in mind. In Ireland, for example, where a building is designated a "protected structure", this is done by the Local Authority/Municipality, upon which a greater protection against material alterations and demolition is placed on that building. Thus, more detailed information tends to be very country-specific.

Entry points for legal aspects in security-related urban planning